!!> Ebook ➦ Mosquito Empires ➧ Author John Robert McNeill – Anguillais.us

Mosquito Empires This Book Explores The Links Among Ecology, Disease, And International Politics In The Context Of The Greater Caribbean The Landscapes Lying Between Surinam And The Chesapeake In The Seventeenth Through Early Twentieth Centuries Ecological Changes Made These Landscapes Especially Suitable For The Vector Mosquitoes Of Yellow Fever And Malaria, And These Diseases Wrought Systematic Havoc Among Armies And Would Be Settlers Because Yellow Fever Confers Immunity On Survivors Of The Disease, And Because Malaria Confers Resistance, These Diseases Played Partisan Roles In The Struggles For Empire And Revolution, Attacking Some Populations Severely Than Others In Particular, Yellow Fever And Malaria Attacked Newcomers To The Region, Which Helped Keep The Spanish Empire Spanish In The Face Of Predatory Rivals In The Seventeenth And Early Eighteenth Centuries In The Late Eighteenth And Through The Nineteenth Century, These Diseases Helped Revolutions To Succeed By Decimating Forces Sent Out From Europe To Prevent Them.

!!> Ebook ➦ Mosquito Empires  ➧ Author John Robert McNeill – Anguillais.us
  • Hardcover
  • 371 pages
  • Mosquito Empires
  • John Robert McNeill
  • English
  • 03 March 2019
  • 9780521452861

    10 thoughts on “!!> Ebook ➦ Mosquito Empires ➧ Author John Robert McNeill – Anguillais.us

  1. says:

    I read this book around a year ago, but decided to pick it up again after reading the author s father s book, Plagues and People I remembered this work being a particularly good example of why the history of disease is both desirable and necessary In short, McNeill argues that mosquitoes through Yellow Fever and Malaria were crucial to the history of the Greater Caribbean between the introduction of these diseases from West Africa in the 1640s to the outbreak of World War I Essentially, he finds that those who lived in the Caribbean often had an immunity to these diseases as a result of facing them in their childhood As a result, territory in the Caribbean rarely changed hands between empires, as outsiders would frequently fall ill to these diseases and perish More than anything else, mosquitoes permitted a conserving of the political status quo However, by the late 18th early 19th century, those fighting against the Spanish empire in a particular case were generally no longer outsiders, but imperial subjects To quash these rebellions, Spain was forced to dispatch soldiers from Iberia who did not have the same resistance as imperial subjects, leading Spanish might to crumble.I have not read enough history of disease to evaluate how this work stands compared to that of other scholars, but it seems to me that this is a monumental work of environmental history It really is crucial to understanding why the Spanish empire managed to last so long, as well a...

  2. says:

    J.R McNeill s environmental history examines the role of disease bearing mosquitoes as a determining factor in imperial ambitions in the Greater Caribbean, which he defines as the islands and the Atlantic coastal regions of the Americas, from 1620 to 1914 Through careful examination of travel and medical accounts he reconstructs how environmental factors such as weather, sugar cane manufacturing processes, bovine and monkey populations, and population demographic and density would align and create ideal breeding grounds for the mosquito genii Aedes aegypti and Anopheles quadrimaculatus, carriers of malaria and yellow fever Once the mosquitoes began their reproductive cycle, which for the females requires a blood meal, imperial ambitions could be thwarted or bolstered as the carriers of yellow fever and malaria transmitted disease to armies that were often already weakened by scurvy and dysentery McNeill s examination is broken down into three sections In the first section he outlines his argument that, quests for wealth and power changed ecologies in the Greater Caribbean, and how ecological changes in turn shaped the fortunes of empire, war, and revolution in the years between 1620 and 1914 2 He admits the difficulties in...

  3. says:

    I knew in principle that the Caribbean in colonial times was a really unhealthy area but the details are staggering Armies would arrive from Europe and 60% or even would die within months Disease was always dangerous than enemy gunfire at the time but this was ten times the rate in Europe Colonies in the area had deaths outstripping births deep into the 18th century These wealthy islands and adjacent mainland areas ended up being inhabited mostly by slaves because few sane humans would voluntarily move there, and certainly not just for the promise of hard labor Any fantasies I had from reading Horatio Hornblower stories as a kid now seem twice as ridiculous neither valor, intelligence nor even modern ideas of hygiene would have been much of a protection to anyone visiting the area.What makes this book than just good is the amount of detail given to ecology, epidemiology and entomology, and the thesis The detailed description of A aegypti the yellow fever mosquito and how human settlers created an environment ideal ...

  4. says:

    Fascinating book I am really starting to like environmental history it is such a great way to forget about national borders and think about bigger picture history This book is about mosquitoes, and how they know no borders McNeill argues that in the 17th century the powers of Europe changed the ecology of the Greater Caribbean everything from Virginia to the north coast of Brazil and made it the perfect environment for mosquitoes to thrive Lots of sugarcane, rice, crowded port cities, cattleit was buggy as hell Then, because mosquitoes carry yellow fever and malaria, those diseases became endemic This had huge historical consequences People who were born and raised in this places became resistant to the diseases, but outsiders died in huge numbers, so sending an army to conquer anyplace proved practically impossible Thus, even though the Spanish were weak, it was very hard for the English to conquer any parts of New Spain The poor Scots tried to carve out a new colony in Panama and died in droves During the Haitian revolution, Toussaint L Overtur...

  5. says:

    McNeill, J.R., Mosquito Empires Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean 1620 1914, New York Cambridge University Press, 2010Topic J.R McNeil s work Mosquito Empires gives seat to ecology as an actor on the geopolitical stage and observes how climate change and other environmental factors create an action reaction observing how it can promote or hamper desirability, personal interest, or State prestige Nature, and its species, is given voice to explain how disease, plants, animals, and insects mold humankind This rectifies its being overlooked for centuries due to its inability to represent itself in chronicles written by the sentient creatures of the earth Human motives within the political theatre maybe contradictory and complicated, but those of the biosphere are observed to be simple, relating to the soul instincts of survival and reproduction.Scope McNeil focuses broadly on North and Central America during the period of 1620 1914, emphasizing the role of the Caribbean and West Indies This emphasis gives the environmental, economic, and political actors in these locations agency that illustrates how they each affected the geopolitical theatre It outlines how the Atlantic powers acted as rational actors, motivated by statecraft and old constructionist theory, to pursue realist interests of wealth and power The Spanish Empire and Great...

  6. says:

    First, reading this book will make you very grateful that we have a vaccine for yellow fever McNeill carefully traces the influences of mosquito borne viruses, primarily malaria and yellow fever, in the history of colonization on the American continents and in the Caribbean Closely tied to plantation agriculture and slave labor, millions were killed by malaria and yellow fever introduced from the old world and quickly spread by mosquitoes and to a lesser degree monkeys in the region Those who were exposed to the viruses in childhood in the Caribbean or Central America and survived had differing levels of immunity from newly arrived Europeans and from Africans who either developed immunity in Africa as children or may have had some genetic immunity The differing effects of these diseases on the long established Spanish colonists versus the newly arrived British, for example, determined the outcome of many key conflicts McNeill s style of writing is scholarly but carefully organized...

  7. says:

    J R McNeill gained my confidence immediately with a first chapter displaying a proper balance of confidence and humility about his thesis roughly, that ecological changes created by Europeans in the Atlantic coastal regions of the New World increased the prevalence of malaria and yellow fever which i...

  8. says:

    Fascinating, but repetitiveThe premise of this book is very interesting I loved learning about how disease shaped the world of the Caribbean However, there is far too much information about battles that could be summed up in the sentence Most of them died McNeill obviously put an incredible amount of work and effort into this bo...

  9. says:

    An extensively researched and highly detailed look at the ecology, geopolitics, and disease transmission vectors that contributed to the imperial settlement and colonial revolutions of the Caribbean region Reads well for what could have been a dry, academic subject.

  10. says:

    Poor editing aside, this started out interestingly enough Enjoyed the first half or so about the Caribbean dynamics, but lost interest around Chapter 6 and it was a slog to finish off Probably just because I m wholly unconcerned with the American Revolution, no matter which way you spin it.

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